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PulseForge® 3300

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Semiconductor and Photovoltaic
Materials Processing

The PulseForge 3300 is designed to process higher melting point materials, such as
silicon, zinc oxide, ITO, ceramics and CIGS, used for printed logic, display, and
photovoltaic applications. The tools create the very high processing temperatures
required for recrystallization and annealing, but without damaging low - temperature
materials like polymeric substrates, glass (including thin flexible glass)  or adjacent
organic materials. This is accomplished by using proprietary high-intensity lamps
at very short pulse durations.

Designed for Printed Electronics: Semiconductors and Photovoltaics

NovaCentrix launched the PulseForge 3300 to address the need for processing printed Si inks, both for printed logic as well as for photovoltaic applications, on low-temperature substrates. In keeping with the modular architecture established for the initial PulseForge 3100, the PulseForge 3300 is designed for roll-to-roll and conveyor-based materials processing. The PulseForge 3300 is optimal for application development as well as full-volume production.


Power Delivery.

The PulseForge 3300 commercial processing tool is capable of delivering a maximum peak power to the target materials in excess of 35 kW/cm2. Sustained peak operating delivery greater than 25 megawatts (25 MW) during pulse can readily be obtained with 15cm width processing. This type of power delivery is required to achieve the very-high surface heating of the target semiconductor materials, without damaging the underlying low- temperature substrates such as plastic film.

Pulse Length.

Microseconds of over-exposure can be the difference between a successful process condition and a failed product. That’s why the PulseForge 3300 is designed to deliver exposures as short as 30 microseconds. This range of process duration is too short for mechanical shuttering, so the PulseForge 3300 accomplishes this by exact control of the voltage and current delivered to the proprietary lamps.

Pulse Rate.

As a primary consideration, the pulse rate directly determines the amount of material that can be processed, or the line speed when used in roll-to-roll processing. The higher the pulse repetition rate, the more material can be processed. The PulseForge 3300 has a max pulse rate of >1kHz. This enables production speeds far faster than most current applications require.

Pulse Spectrum.

The emitted spectrum is generally broad, from UV to near IR, or from 200 nm to 1000nm. The pulse conditions can be changed, however, to shift the spectral characteristics of the emission to favor red or blue even without the use of additional filtration. As a result, the PulseForge 3300 can deliver as much as 50% of the pulse energy at or below 400 nm, or as little as 5%. The tool can therefore effectively process materials requiring UV energy, and can process materials damaged by UV energy.
Peak radiant power delivered (kW/cm2) 35
Max radiant energy delivered (J/cm2) 100
Max voltage to lamp(s) 950
Effective max linear processing speed (meters/min)* >100
Curing dimension per pulse (mm)** 150 x (150 – 4800)***
Max area cured per sample (mm)** Unlimited
Pulse length range (microseconds)**** 25–100,000
Pulse length increment (microseconds) 1
Minimum pulse spacing (microseconds) 20
Max pulse rate kHz
Output spectrum (nm) 200–1500
Uniformity of exposure (point to point) +/- 2% or better

*Dependent on pulse conditions
**Excluding edge effect
***Process width can be readily configured from 150mm to over 4800mm
****After 20,000 the additional energy delivered is negligible

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About NovaCentrix

Headquartered in Austin, TX, NovaCentrix offers industry leading photonic curing tools, conductive inks, material and expertise enabling development and production of next generation printed electronic devices.

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